Python is a widely-used, interpreted, object-oriented, and high-level programming language with dynamic semantics, used for general-purpose programming. It was created by Guido van Rossum, and first released on February 20, 1991.
Python programming language comes from an old BBC television comedy sketch series called Monty Python’s Flying Circus.
One of the amazing features of Python is the fact that it is actually one person’s work. Usually, new programming languages are developed and published by large companies employing lots of professionals, and due to copyright rules, it is very hard to name any of the people involved in the project. Python is an exception.
Of course, van Rossum did not develop and evolve all the Python components himself. The speed with which Python has spread around the world is a result of the continuous work of thousands (very often anonymous) programmers, testers, users (many of them aren’t IT specialists) and enthusiasts, but it must be said that the very first idea (the seed from which Python sprouted) came to one head – Guido’s.
In 1999, Guido van Rossum defined his goals for Python:
About 20 years later, it is clear that all these intentions have been fulfilled. Some sources say that Python is the third-most popular programming language in the world, while others claim it’s the fifth.
What makes Python so special? How does it happen that programmers, young and old, experienced and novice, want to use it? How did it happen that large companies adopted Python and implemented their flagship products using it?
There are many reasons – we’ve listed some of them already, but let’s enumerate them again in a more practical manner:
It’s used extensively to implement complex Internet services like search engines, cloud storage and tools, social media and so on. Whenever you use any of these services, you are actually very close to Python, although you wouldn’t know it.
Many developing tools are implemented in Python.
Lots of IT project testers have started using Python to carry out repeatable test procedures. The list is long.
Python is a great choice for: